One of the contentious issues, whether you’re on the left or the right politically, is whether healthcare should be a right given to citizens by their government. The Stoics believed that everyone had a preference for health. Also, with this in mind, they had the idea that everyone had the right to be treated fairly and equitably. We all have a duty to treat each other fairly and equitably.
Since health is a preferred indifferent and we should all treat each other fairly and equitably, we should be ensuring that everyone has their fair share of health preferences met. Everyone deserves a right to healthcare. The Stoics couldn’t have imagined such a national healthcare system in place in their day because they didn’t have the technology, science, and knowledge of civil engineering we now possess. But now that such a system can be run via public taxation, it makes sense that, as a course of justice, we should be supplying everyone with healthcare.
One could argue that a free market system for healthcare would be better but so far it is subpar. People spend tremendous amounts of money if they don’t have the insurance or they spend tremendous amounts of money just to meet their astronomically-sized deductible. Some people live paycheck to paycheck and can barely meet their premiums. Healthcare is just tremendously expensive and unfortunately hospitals do have to make money even if they’re non-profit. If the money funding the hospital isn’t efficiently and equitably being taxed from everyone throughout the population, whether healthy or sick, the sick are the ones who have to pay the bill in a free market system.
The only alternative from a Stoic point of view is some kind of public system that covers the poor and wealthy, the young and the old by money that is collected evenly and efficiently through taxation of both the sick and healthy alike. This is how our preference for health is met in a just and fair Stoic society.
I use the following argument to support my conclusion. It’s kind of rough right now but I’ll work to make it better later.
1.Justice has a connection to a fair distribution of preferred indifferents.
2. One of these preferred indifferents is health.
3. Therefore in the name of justice health as a preference should be met for everyone throughout the society if it can be met.
4. It can met through efficient and fair taxation.
5. Therefore a public healthcare system should be established.